Iran’s Atomic Organization Required by Parliament to Launch Metal Uranium Production Plant

TEHRAN (FNA)- The Iranian parliament on Tuesday approved the generalities of a bill which requires the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) to build a heavy water reactor and bring a metal uranium production plant on line.


According to Ashoora reporting from Farsnews:

“The AEOI is required to put into operation a uranium metal production plant in Isfahan 5 months after the adoption of this law,” an article of the bill said.

Also, the article 5 of the bill states that the AEOI is required, in accordance with paragraph 4 of the ‘Law on Appropriate and Reciprocal Action of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran’, simultaneous with optimizing and launching the 40-MW heavy water reactor in Arak, design a new 40-MW heavy water reactor with the aim of producing stable radio-isotopes for use in hospitals based on a timeline and inform the parliament of the timeline within one month after the adoption of this law.

The Iranian parliamentarians in their Tuesday meeting ratified the general points of a bill to adopt strategic measures to remove sanctions against the country and defend the nation’s interests.

The lawmakers had last month given the green light to the single-urgency of the strategic motion, but the plan turned into a double-urgency on Sunday after the assassination of the Iranian nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh.

Iranian nuclear scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh's car was targeted by an explosion and machinegun fire in Damavand's Absard 40 kilometers to the East of Tehran on Friday.

The nuclear scientist and one of his companions were immediately taken to a nearby hospital but he could not be saved.

Under the bill, the AEOI is required to start in two months after the approval of the present bill to produce at least 120 kg of 20%-enriched uranium annually at Fordow nuclear site and store it inside the country, increase the enrichment capacity and production of enriched uranium to at least 500 kg per month, start the installation of centrifuges, gas injection, enrichment, and storage of materials up to proper purity levels within 3 months, via at least 1000 IR-2m centrifuges in the underground part of Shahid Ahmadi Roshan facility in Natanz, transfer any enrichment, research, and development operations of IR-6 centrifuges to the nuclear site of Shahid Ali Mohammadi in Fordow, and start enrichment operation via at least 164 centrifuges and expand it to 1000 by the end of 20 March 2021 (end of the Iranian calendar year) and return the 40 megawatts Arak heavy water reactor to its pre-JCPOA condition by reviving the heart (calandria) of the reactor within 4 months from the date of the adoption of this law.

Also, the government is required to suspend the nuclear deal-based regulatory access beyond the Additional Protocol within 2 months after the adoption of this law based on the articles 36 and 37 of the nuclear deal.

Also, after 3 months from the adoption of this law, if Iran's banking relations in Europe and the amount of oil purchases by them from Iran is not back to normal and to satisfactory conditions, the government is required to stop the voluntary implementation of the Additional Protocol.

Meantime, if after 3 months from the adoption of this law, the nuclear deal parties return to fulfill their undertakings, the government is required to submit a proposal to the parliament for Iran's reciprocal action to return to the nuclear deal undertakings, the bill said.

The Iranian lawmakers will study the details of the bill after approval of its generalities.

After ratification of the generalities of the bill with 251 yes votes, Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani said that the move sent this message to the enemies that the one-way game has ended.

Also, Rapporteur of the Iranian parliament’s National Security and Foreign Policy Commission Abolfazl Amouyee said that the bill pursues several goals, including opening the locks on Iran’s nuclear industry and making the western states to pay a price for imposing and supporting sanctions against Iran.

US President Donald Trump, a stern critic of the historic deal, unilaterally pulled Washington out of the JCPOA in May 2018, and unleashed the “toughest ever” sanctions against the Islamic Republic in defiance of global criticism in an attempt to strangle the Iranian oil trade, but to no avail since its "so-called maximum pressure policy" has failed to push Tehran to the negotiating table.

In response to the US’ unilateral move, Tehran has so far rowed back on its nuclear commitments four times in compliance with Articles 26 and 36 of the JCPOA, but stressed that its retaliatory measures will be reversible as soon as Europe finds practical ways to shield the mutual trade from the US sanctions.

Tehran has particularly been disappointed with failure of the three European signatories to the JCPOA -- Britain, France and Germany -- to protect its business interests under the deal after the United States' withdrawal.

On January 5, Iran took a final step in reducing its commitments, and said it would no longer observe any operational limitations on its nuclear industry, whether concerning the capacity and level of uranium enrichment, the volume of stockpiled uranium or research and development.


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